SDA #000000 – Data, HongKong, Hashtags, Documenting

So it’s been a few weeks into Social Data Analysis and all I can do is search and maybe match Hashtags in twitter. The reason why these graphs probably don’t have much social data analysis except for what people were interested. Without further yap yap and writing here are some graphs with dates.

It was September 30 past midnight, and I was just querying “Hong Kong” I guess I wanted to see what Hashtags were trending when “Hong Kong” was typed in people’s twitter statuses:

hk_001_2amAnd it seemed obvious that these were the Hashtags associated with them. The purple letters are the nodes with the highest weights of nodes, so the number of times it appears in my small query. We see the obvious: HongKong, China, Kong, and a bit of OccupyCentral. The next morning around 11AM I did a similar query.

hk_001_1147am_circNot a good quality photo, but You can see some changes, Firechat and Tiananmen were trending, Hong Kong is also on the photo only shrouded by Occupy Central. Today I did one more search and found this


It was interesting to see that the Hashgtag “Hong Kong” was non-existent, we instead have “HK” and other interesting Hashtags like PakistanProtests, g20, openfollow, mentionfollfollback, HumanRights, ShameOnPrincessMaryam, SOSVenezuela and etc… Either the events in HK have had effects on parts of the world or people are back to their normal lives or the bots are back to their normal lives.



TTE #000006 – Proposal for Pumpkin Head Transplant Decor

Call: The Hospital of Yolkshire for Head Transplants is calling for creative and innovative solutions for the usage of safe-kept Head Transplants amounting to 5000 heads in the storage laboratory. These are heads from 20 years ago with life-forms being able to smell, taste, hear, and see the world around it. High stresses amounting to the heads have brought concern to the community. We hope that these Head Transplant may gain new life and be cherished. We look forward for your creative ideas.

(According to U.S. National Law, the heads must not be disposed and be kept functioning, it is considered a murder to cease functions of the head. Any ideas that hint at cease of function will be considered as a death threat, any offenders will be considered for criminal offense.)

Abstract: Pumpkin Head Transplant Decor, the objective of this proposal is to efficiently use the heads as kinetic decor for autumn holidays, to keep in the spirit of Halloween and its roots. It also relieves the head transplants from stress as it becomes used in various locations with subtle muscle movement close to the vertebrae. The head itself will be covered in pumpkin to protect the heads from surrounding environments to keep them safe and preserved.


Print pumpkin_patent02_01



of Head Transplants – Since 2015 after Canavero’s first successful head transplant surgery there has been an increase in head transplants. Although today in 2036 there is a 98% success rate for head transplants, the first five years after Canavero’s first successful head transplant had a 34% success rate in re-attaching the heads to new bodies. The heads that were unsuccessful were kept alive in containers and since then have increased until 2020. There was a large controversy on the issue of ethics on which to consider the heads as human life forms.

The heads are not re-attachable to new bodies after 2 weeks, and are kept in storage laboratories for safe keeping them. In total estimate there is 70,000 storage kept heads around the world waiting for new technologies for re-attachment.

of Jack-O-LanternsJack-O-Lanterns, usually made during Halloween traces its roots back to Ireland and England. It was a form of scare as well as a lantern carved out of turnips and also a protection amulet to ward of ghosts on the Day of the Dead. These Jack-O-Lanterns are closely related to Will-O-Wisps. Will-O-Wisps are either considered mischievous fairies, such as Pucks, Pwca, Puca, Boggarts, Brownies, luring foolish ones to pits, hence they are also called Ignus Fatuus, meaning “Foolish Fire”; or they are depicted as guides for the wandering lost in either woods or marshes. The Will-O-Wisps are also depicted as wandering souls of dead infants.

of Symbolization of Heads – Heads are considered as the most important part of the body since humans roamed the earth.  They are the “ruling instrument of reason and thought” and “the manifestation of a person’s spirit, power or life force”, which explains why ancient civilizations valued severed enemy heads. They are fine trophies as they convey well the characteristics of any living organism. Heads and skulls were considered to have magical powers, hence the usage of them as magical protections and as medicinal components. Even the modern human use carved stone heads as great ornament motifs on buildings for luck-bringing or keeping demons away.


Project Description – 

The Hanging Pumpkin Head Transplant Decor (HPHTD), is a proposal to rekindle the symbolization of heads on to the modern world in the form of participatory art and community design. Theses manifestation of spirit, power and life force of 20 years ago must be brought into the light to be considered as proud technological advances of human culture.

The HPHTD allows for the community as a whole to enjoy several benefits. The heads themselves will be relieved to be out from the storage laboratories with new attached vertebrae and muscles for sensory movement; they will be able to participate in creative recreation as artists; and they will be looked upon as trophies of dignity for humanity itself. The community will enjoy the HPHTD as kinetic sculptures that will lighten up Halloween and give small scares, and best of all teach children up close about anatomy. The Hospital of Yolkshire will be a place to celebrate Halloween as main venues and become a center for creative artistic innovation as well as a community center for charity events.

Technical Description/Installation -

HPHTD consists of head transplants covered by pumpkins as head costumes, they not also add to the spirit of Halloween, but also serve as an encasing for the head transplant support technology and for protection of the surrounding environment. Synthetic vertebrae will be attached to the Pumpkin Head Transplants with basic nerve controls covered in lab grown muscle for easier manipulation of the vertebrae by the heads. HPHTD will be installed on ceilings hanging midway close to the floor depending on the stress-level tolerance coefficient of each head. Although the best scenario would be to allow them to seem like they are hovering, but having cylindrical  pool containers below each HPHTD for precaution measures are being researched.


Canavero, Sergio. “HEAVEN: The Head Anastomosis Venture Project Outline for the First Human Head Transplantation with Spinal Linkage (GEMINI).” Surgical Neurology International: 335. Print.

Experiments in the Revival of Organisms. Perf. J.B.S. Haldane. 1940. Short Film.

Leach, Maria. Funk & Wagnalls Standard Dictionary of Folklore, Mythology and Legend. New York: Funk & Wagnalls, 1949. Print.

Simpson, Jacqueline, and Stephen Roud. A Dictionary of English Folklore. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2000. Print.

Tresidder, Jack. Dictionary of Symbols: An Illustrated Guide to Traditional Images, Icons, and Emblems. San Francisco: Chronicle, 1998. Print.

Van Dalen, Anton. “Anton Van Dalen.” Anton Van Dalen. Web. 28 Sept. 2014.

and many other folklore, fairy tales, patent drawings


TTE #000005 – Previous Sketches and existing Pumpkin, Vertebrae Patents, Head transplant patent? documentation.

First few sketches last week, where I tried create my own easy way of drawing pumpkins, and drew some of the paired words I have thought of. Pumpkin Trash, Pumpkin Hotels, Shelters, Fairies and other.

EPSON MFP imageBelow are patents related to pumpkin decoration, definitely got some nice crisp pumpkin head illustrations here.

US06629770-20031007-D00004 halloweenpatent2
Below are patents and a drawing dealing with vertebrae:

spinalcordheadtransplant US08206394-20120626-D00000 Gray_111_-_Vertebral_column
Below are drawings of patents that deal with human bodies and parts of the human body including hair and face lift.

article-2110517-1208A164000005DC-799_634x835 instant-face-liftUS06585746-20030701-D00001


Here are the head tranplants documentation for explaining the procedure BE ADVISED! Well nothing to hard to watch.

2 3 4monkeytransplantdiagramSurgNeurolInt_2013_4_2_335_113444_u1

Just very interesting isn’t it? Fascinating really. That there is still that want of decapitation and the symbol of the head being the manifestation of any entity’s spirit, power, or life force. Here are other drawings of head transplants drawn by Anton van Dalen.

naturescience6 naturescience5naturescience4 (1)

Now, how am I going to make sense of all this…. a call, an essay, a proposal…

TTE #000004 – Will-o-Wisp, Brownies, Jacks, Heads.

Lovely new words to confuse me more, not much on pumpkins as I wanted. More about western jack-o-lantern origins, a bit on pumpkin icon in Asia, and a whole lot about more western culture celebrating the dead and its fairies.


IMG_6359 IMG_6363 IMG_6367

Below are useful books if anyone is interested, and some notes and connections I’ve made while searching through these books. It feels awful not to have dwell more in these discoveries to make more connections.

Connections I particularly like are and hope for are Lord Halewijn and Halloween, Jack-0-Lanterns and will-o-wisp, will-o-wisp with lost souls of infants, heads as trophies and magical objects, which leads to pumpkin heads in our porch to be representation of heads of infants of lost souls that have not found peace warding off demons for the sake of Hallow’s Eve or Samhain, in which are the heads are named Jacob.

Also the discoveries of Ignus Fatuus, Brownies, Boggarts, Puck, Puca, Pwca, which are perhaps the origins of the Jack-o-Lanterns; and the fascination of western culture with heads, skulls, decapitation has proven to be a source of maybe a good reasoning for pumpkin head transplants. I really want to know about this fascination of heads with culture, especially how the pumpkin jacky-lanterns may express this fascination of heads: by rooting it back all the way to these basic instincts of mankind to the symbol  of heads/ skulls.

But uh.. I think Futurama covered it pretty well to an extent; it definitely showed how people still relate the head as the most important part of the human body. “A manifestation of the person’s spirit, power or life force” adding also instrument for reason and thought.

Without any smooth transitioning of thought processes, I’ll try to patent a pumpkin head transplant or surgery or an head amulet OR make a futuristic fairy tale entailing these keywords or head transplant, head, will-o-wisps, and king of the garden.




BNB #000002 – Rough writing on data donation.

Assume someone you love has been prescribed a wearable device to track their glucose levels, heart rate, and emotional state, and the doctor is at a research organization asking for the data to be donated to a larger research effort. What do you advise and why?

Would this change if the research study was also measuring the quality and quantity of interactions between caregivers (yourself) and your loved one?

It would depend on what would be the reason for collecting data for the research organization. Although most research effort is plausible it does not mean that they will care about the individual information they’re tracking.

Especially when you are tracking an emotional state of a person, we are asking for deeply personal data from the public. And using or manipulating emotional states of people as mere information and data bits seem ethically implausible. If each subject is taken care of in a foreseeable way the story may be different.

Ups: you know every data; health data of you loved ones. And you become more knowledgeable of their daily lives. This can either create information addiction that makes people more controlling or be a good incentive to know your loved ones and care for them.

Downs: At the same time it may send false attention and may bring false pretension to current health situations.

In conclusion I’d have to see what type of data is being collected for measuring quality and quantity of interactions between caregivers and loved ones and just data in general of the user. Open data that quantifies can be collected but data that deals with the subconscious of the human being, an intimate level of data that deals with the experiences and the feelings of people being collected I am dubious of.

Why should anyone donate personal information for a larger research effort? Why should we care about an institution that does not want to take the time to know a loved one of mine? People make friends through time and effort and not just throwing favors. A one way relationship is a no-no and one of the main reasons for collecting data seems to be making a better 2-way relationship between everything and the public. Service oriented business is a solely about building relationships not collecting data for the betterment of the world. The world getting better is just a side effect, an institution without a focus or care of actual people and dealing with them aren’t worth it to donate valuable information, unless they offer us more than what they are asking for. An equivalent of if they are willing to sacrifice as much as the users giving up their data.

I mean it all sounds good, but they’re always is a creation of exploitation somewhere, and inevitable. Not saying it can be prevented, I just don’t want my loved people be dumbfounded at the end. I mean think of it as a personal business relationship or just simple 101 socializing or friend making. You give at similar rates to each other and support, build a link that suddenly doesn’t end, like any family, friend relationship. Then I’ll think about advising people donating data to “institutions”.

TTE #000003 – Pumpkin, Squash Folklores

Pumpkins in America has to do with Jack-o-lanterns, sleepy hollow, witches turning children into pumpkins, ghost, Halloween. So every time I type in pumpkin I get a lot of Halloween related searches or nutritional facts for scholastic searches. The greek word for pumpkin is Κολοκύθα, which is more a pumpkin-plant. Or Pepon, where the French called it Pompon and where the English took that and called it Pumpion. (And this change of words is almost everywhere I search) Everywhere else in the world Pumpkins are either called squash or pumpkins. It seems the word Pumpkin itself has become an icon/symbol for American Holidays during autumn.

Before going on to the few folklore which I thought were interesting due to their similarities, I’d like to share a link to an old dish. There has been Pumpion Pye in the 17th century. Link Here.

So I have found three stories or four that are closely related in the structure, the motif, and the artifacts that come out. One is the Korean Folktale Heungbu and Nolbu, one is the  Ukrainian The Magic Pumpkin, the Indian folktale is the  the Three Magic Pumpkinsand the last I found that was identical was a Tibetan folktale The Golden SquashHere’s the last story from the Tibetans.

The Golden Squash

The shepherd will protect his flock of sheep and without power can save a hundred lives.
Tibetan Proverb.

ONE time in a corner of the world, high up among the mountains, there lived two old men who were very good friends. Each had a small garden patch. One was a good old man, naturally; that is, he didn’t have to try very hard to be good, for his heart was pure, he loved all animals and birds and was very happy in his little garden. But the other old man wanted very much to be wealthy.

One day the first old man found in his garden a little, crippled bird. He took it and cared for it, felt sorry for it, healed it and fed it every day. Then he was able to fly away, and the old man let him go. He soon returned bearing a seed in his mouth which he gave to the old man, saying, “You plant this seed–it’s a very fine squash seed, the very finest in the world, and be sure you tend it well.”

So the old man planted it and watered it, and at last there grew on the vine just one squash, but it was monstrous big. When cold weather came and it was fully ripe the old man tried to pull it and take it into the house, but he couldn’t carry it and had to call five men to help him get it in. By and by he wanted to eat some and peeled off the outer skin, which was very thin like paper, and when he cleaned it, he found it to be solid gold. Now, he was very rich, but he made good use of his money and gave to the poor and aided all who were needy.

His old neighbor came over one day and asked him where he got the seed for that squash, and he told him the story of the little bird. The old man went home, very envious, and thought he would think up a plan so that he would be rich too.

He got his bow and arrow and slipped out into the garden and waited until he saw a little bird light on a tree. Then he deliberately shot, breaking its leg. Picking it up carefully, he pretended to be grieved over its hurt and tended the little thing until it was finally well and able to fly away.

One day sure enough the bird flew back bringing a seed which he told the man how to plant and care for because it was very wonderful indeed. It sprouted and grew and grew until finally when winter came he had to have five or six men help him carry his squash into the house. He was much delighted, for he thought, “Now I shall be rich, too.”

He could hardly wait until he could get his knife and cut the skin, but he had no more than broken it when it popped wide open and out jumped a fierce old man, who said he was sent by the king of the lower regions to weigh him. He grabbed him by the back of the neck and set him on the scale which he carried and said, “You are far too light and no use at all,” and at once took him out and cut off his head.

So much for the sin of covetousness.

The story revolves around two people: one good, one bad. And an extra character the sparrow. Story is somewhat the good genuinely helps the sparrow and gets a magic seed that grows into a large gourd/pumpkin/squash that gives him fortunes. While the bad, breaks the sparrows leg and then helps it and also gets a magic seed that grows in to a large gourd/pumpkin/squash that either kills him or shames him.

The Korean, Ukrainian, and Indian Folktale have names for the characters: Heungbu and Nolbu; Yura and Mikhailo; Nanda and Yuva. And they are all brothers. While in the Tibetan story the two characters are neighbors. All of them have sparrows coming out, and giving them magic seeds that either grows a pumpkin, squash or gourd, which is probably one word in every other country, but America.

It seems from these stories appearance of these pumpkins, are a container for treasures. A gift to those who were good, a punishment towards who are bad. The pumpkin becomes a symbol of heavenly judgement. In other cultures especially America, pumpkins are feared at most. Another interesting find was that pumpkins were very important for Central Americans, as it was one of the three foods they revolved around. Some Mexican-American pumpkins are featured as gigantic storage-like structures.

There is another peculiar folktale in the Philippines, which resounds greatly with the American Golden Goose Tale. It is the White Squash, where a child comes out of a squash and when bathed in water the water turns gold. Below the Philippine Folklore.


In a queer little bamboo house in front of a big garden lived a man and his wife all alone. They had always been kind and good to everyone, but still they were not happy, because the child for which they longed had never come to them. Each day for many years they had prayed for a son or a daughter, but their prayers had been unanswered. Now that they were growing old they believed that they must always live alone.

In the garden near their house this couple grew fine white squash, and as the vines bore the year around, they had never been in need of food. One day, however, they discovered that no new squash had formed to take the place of those they had picked, and for the first time in many seasons they had no vegetables.

Each day they examined the vines, and though the big, yellow flowers continued to bloom and fade, no squash grew on the stems. Finally, one morning after a long wait, the woman cried out with delight, for she had discovered a little green squash. After examining it, they decided to let it ripen that they might have the seeds to plant. They eagerly watched it grow, and it became a beautiful white vegetable, but by the time it was large enough for food they were so hungry that they decided to eat it.

They brought a large knife and picked it, but scarcely had they started to open it when a voice cried out from within, “Please be careful that you do not hurt me.”

The man and woman stopped their work, for they thought that a spirit must have spoken to them. But when the voice again called and begged them to open the squash, they carefully opened it, and there inside was a nice baby boy. 153 He could already stand alone and could talk. And the man and his wife were overjoyed.

Presently the woman went to the spring for a jar of water, and when she had brought it she spread a mat on the floor and began to bathe the baby. As the drops of water fell off his body, they were immediately changed to gold, so that when the bath was finished gold pieces covered the mat. The couple had been so delighted to have the baby that it had seemed as if there was nothing more to wish for, but now that the gold had come to them also they were happier than ever.

The next morning the woman gave the baby another bath, and again the water turned to gold. They now had enough money to build a large house. The third morning she brought water for his bath again, but he grew very sad and flew away. At the same time all the gold disappeared also, and the man and his wife were left poor and alone.

The uses of Pumpkin like fruit is similar in that it is a container for something precious, a treasure box. As pumpkins have been around for centuries, it’s been in stories worldwide, but at the same time since it is trivial, it is also hard to find stories with pumpkins or squash. I should start looking for stories with gourds as well. All in the melon family right? Well the family of Cucurbitaceae.

TTE #000002 – Transplanting Pumpkin heads? Then became only a lil’ curious about actual head transplants

So last night I got a bit intrigued with pumpkin heads and transplants as most American, English Folktale that has to do with Pumpkin depicts them as heads with skull like features. There are Mexican ghosts with pumpkin heads, the Great Pumpkin from Charlie Brown has a pumpkin head, The ghost in Sleepy Hollow also is looking for heads and temporarily uses a pumpkin head. So I’m sure Western culture really has a thing with transplants of heads.

And stumbling upon the great Wikipedia page we behold the Head Transplant page. Interesting reads of head transplant and tests: only from the wiki,

Creating a headless body

In 1996, William Shawlot and Richard Behringer of the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center in Houston created 125 headless mice by knocking out a gene called Lim1 in the developing embryos. Only four of the headless embryos survived until birth, and with no nostrils, no mouth to breathe through, they died immediately. Lim1 belongs to a set of genes, called the homeobox genes, that are essential to embryonic development—and that are present in all animals. Lim1, for instance, has already been found in frogs. So by studying headless mice, the researchers are finding out what goes into making a human head too. Behringer stated that the frog gene and the mouse gene are almost identical, “I would be very surprised if there wasn’t a human gene.”[13]

In 1997, Jonathan Slack, professor of developmental biology at the University of Bath in southwestern England, produced the headless frog embryos by manipulating genes in frog eggs raising the possibility of growing organs for human transplantation.[14]

So uh The ghost in Sleepy Hollow is genetically possible I assume, if you can find the same gene. However, the most shocking is next:

In 2013, the neuroscientist Dr Sergio Canavero, director of the Turin Advanced Neuromodulation Group in Turin, Italy, announced the plan for the first head transplant in man. Canavero states that the possibility exists to re-fuse a severed cord by use of fusogens. The project, the Head Anastomosis Venture with Cord Fusion, was announced in July 2013. He wrote:

The greatest technical hurdle to such endeavor is of course the reconnection of the donor (D)’s and recipient (R)’s spinal cords. It is my contention that the technology only now exists for such linkage. This paper sketches out a possible human scenario and outlines the technology to reconnect the severed cord (project GEMINI). It is argued that several up to now hopeless medical conditions might benefit from such procedure.[10][15]

Canavero called the procedure “Heaven surgery,” shorthand for its more full name, “head anastomosis venture.” He speculates that the surgery would take a team of 100 surgeons roughly 36 hours to complete, at an estimated cost of $12.8-million.[15]

The ability of fusogens like PEG (PolyEthyleneGlycol,PEG : see ref.10 for details) to rebridge a transected spinal cord has been confirmed by a 2014 German study.[16]

So there have been quite a few transplants of dog heads and what not. And one of the most controversial head transplant was of a monkey or two by Robert J. White. However, the above article as if nothing, as if just talking about the weather, might happen, After a few experiments with dogs and monkeys…

The bottom for kicks a motion picture for dog head transplants. There is also youtube videos of the Monkey Head Transplants, which I’ve not seen and don’t know if I want.

Experiments in the Revival of Organisms is a 1940 motion picture which documents Soviet research into the resuscitation of clinically dead organisms. It is available from the Prelinger Archives, and it is in the public domain. The British scientist J. B. S. Haldane appears in the film’s introduction. The operations are credited to Doctor Sergei Brukhonenko.

TTE #000001 – Pumpkins Document Week 2

Already week 2 and still feel like I’m just starting to get into the pumpkin mode. Here’s the notes during the week. However, I think tonight I’m just gonna draw whole loads of pumpkins as I don’t really feel satisfied with the amount of work I’ve done.

Dual words are in 9/17 and  9/21
Jingle Lyrics for pumpkin are in 9/18 and 9/23 (final version) / melody exist.

Date 9/17

Researching with meandering. Pumpkins find folktales of pumpkins as heroes before 1980s. Korea, England, US, France, Russia, Germany, Japan, China, Algeria, Nigeria, Egypt.

Research for plant chemicals that enhances human life on earth.  Nothing, but pumpkins.

//I should have looked back at my iphone notes sooner and researched the folktales, and the chems.

Dual words: Sports and eating. Surgery and Pumpkin, subways and pumpkins, bags and pumpkins, instruments and pumpkins, edible furniture, arithmetic and pumpkins, binary and pumpkins, tattoos and pumpkins, faires and pumpkins

Date 9/18

Twitter Feed of pumpkins data vis of pumpkin groups.

Jingle lyrics brainstorming:

Pumpkins Plumkins a Chunkins a Clunkins
a child bewitched to a pumpkins beheadin’
(A child a head with a pumpkins bewitching)

We carve dear pumpkins with eyes belonging
a nose a hole with a smile to look in’
(we carve their eyes and nose and smirkful grins
we pry open a top for some decor a hundred/fun)

we pop its toppin its seeds be fallin’
scratchin’ n’ pokin’ til seeds drop in

(we poke and cut and plunge out its seeding)
We hear the cries of bewitched pumpkins (howlin’)
ready to be plunged in a chunkin a mildred
a foul grin on its smashed borboadin’

(we quietly lit a lanturn to shush out the winds
a beheadin’ with a name whom we all called jack)

Date 9/19

Drew a beginning comic strip with the theme of comforting people with pumpkin heads.

Date 9/21

Draw pumpkin heads Draw Draw

Drawing a dystopian world or a world like brave new world
where head interchanging is possible a norm a style of life

dual words: pumpkin trashcan, pumpkin ozone, pumpkin bank seeds and carving, pumpkin shaped gold/money, pumpkin shop, pumpkin delicacies, pumpkin helmet, pumpkin football team, pumpkin tram, pumpkin suit, pumpkin real estate, pumpkin houses, pumpkin growth shelters, pumpkin fogs, pumpkin dogs, pumpkin hotel, pumpkin church, pumpkin spirit, pumpkin fire, pumpkin soda, pumpkin holiday, pumpkin puppets, pumpkin water, pumpkin UN, pumpkin firetruckk, pumpkin hose, pumpkin ramen, pumpkin birthday, pumpkin government, pumpkin cabaret, pumpkin thighs, pumpkin legs, pumpkin sex, pumpkin salt, pumpkin traffic, pumpkin youth, pumpkin trouble, pumpkin agility, pumpkin inception, pumpkin jubilee, pumpkin sad, pumpkin pulse, paint pumpkin, pumpkin bucket, pumpkin gas and fume, pumpkin smoke.

//Draw pumpkin real estate, houses, and growing of shelters
//Write about what a pumpkin government may mean.

Date 9/23

The Three Magic Pumpkins – India
Pumpkin Seeds – Korea
Magic pumpkin – Ukraine

//These 3 (or 2 stories, since the character names appearing for the Indian and the Ukrainian are the same) are almost identical as if they have the same roots. Search roots of folktales in Asia and Pumpkin.

The singing pumpkin – Iran

//Went to the library for pumpkin stories, was a light search and was able to only find 2-3 children books, but they all dealt with pumpkin as jack-o-lanterns and halloween.

IMG_6335 IMG_6331 IMG_6332 IMG_6334 IMG_6345 IMG_6337 IMG_6339 IMG_6343 IMG_6344

Pumpkin Jingle:

Pumpkins Plumkins a Chunkins a Clunkins
a child bewitched to a pumpkins beheadin’

A child a head with a pumpkins bewitching
We hear the cries of the pumpkins howlin’

We carve dear pumpkins with eyes belonging
a nose a hole with a smile to look in’

we pop its toppin its seeds be fallin’
scratchin’ n’ pokin’ til hollowed be empty

We hear the cries of bewitched pumpkins
ready to be plunged in a chunkin a mildred

a foul grin to its smashed foreboadin’
lightin’ its surroundin’ with some decor a hundred

We hear the cries of bewildered bewitchin’
beheadin’s of children whom we all sing dancin’

BNB #000001 – Mongolia: Obesity, Food Culture, Economics

Mongolia: Obesity, Food Culture, & Policies

I lived in Mongolia for about 10 months back in 2012-2013 and always wondered why as they got older they gained on incredible amounts of weight compared to their teenage years and twenties. After their 30s most men and women seem real buff, compared to most other Asian countries. Now that I think back I don’t remember seeing any skinny Mongolian.

Searching here and there I found out that Mongolia has one of the highest BMI values in Asia Pacific along with Australia.

The prevalence of obesity (BMI>30k/m2) in men ranged from 0.3% in India and 1.3% in Indonesia to 13.8% in Mongolia and 19.3% in Australia. In women the lowest rates were found in India (0.6%), China and Japan (both 3.4%) and the highest rates in Australia (22.2%) and Mongolia (24.6%).”

“…overweight and obesity accounted for nearly 8% of coronary heart disease in Mongolia and over 9% in Australia. It also accounted for nearly 9% of ischaemic stroke in Mongolia and more than 10% in Australia.”

Mongolians who are overweight (BMI > 25) is 31.6% and obese (BMI > 30) is 9.8% of the population.

“Study held among people of over 20 years of age where Monoglia was placed first in Asia by the number of overweight people out of 100 persons. 16.4 out of 100 people are over the standard body mass in Mongolia, Malaysia with 14.1, then Thailand with 8.5. According to WHO the Mongolians are becoming overweight due to an unhealthy diet and lack of movement. The people of Mongolia are gaining weight due to the economic growth, consuming not only meat but western foods as well.”  (

Culturally, I know that they eat a lot of meat it ranges from goats, muttons, horsemeat, beef, and pork. They are especially fond of muttons and horsemeat, and it is because the winters get real cold where the average temperature is around -22 to -38 degrees Celsius and these types of meat keeps them warm. Add this with hot tea milk and some flour based food and we have the Mongolian diet with a hint of alcohol.

I found a data sheet where it said that their daily calorie intakes vary from 1921 to 2570 calories/capital/day. Here’s an excerpt from their report:

Flour, meat and milk products are the main food staples of Mongolia (Table 3). According to estimates made in the framework of the “Household Income and Expenditure Survey/Living Standards Measurement Survey 2002/03”, these three products cover some 86 percent of the daily caloric intake (Table 4). Although consumption of animal products is among the highest in the world, cereals are still the main source of energy providing in average 55 percent of the daily intake. Meat and meat products (in terms of meat) and milk and dairy products (in terms of milk) cover 20 percent and 11 percent of the daily caloric intake, respectively. Despite rapid increases in consumption of potatoes, vegetables and fruits in recent years, particularly in urban areas, the diet of Mongolians remains deficient in these products with annual average per capita consumptions of 43 kg, 25 kg and 12 kg respectively, that are well below Asian standards.

Table 3. Mongolia: Per capita annual food consumption by main food groups (kg)

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Average
Meat and meat products (in terms of meat) 97.2 97.2 98.4 94.8 99.6 97.4
Milk and milk products (in terms of milk) 100.8 100.8 130.8 138.0 140.4 122.2
Flour and bakery products (in terms of flour) 110.4 110.4 114.0 105.6 118.8 111.8
Rice 15.6 15.6 18.0 18.0 26.4 18.7
Potatoes 26.4 26.4 31.2 33.6 43.2 32.2
Vegetables (in terms of fresh vegetable) 16.8 16.8 18.0 16.8 25.2 18.7
Fruit 3.6 3.6 4.8 6.0 12.0 6.0
Vegetable oil 6.0 6.0 8.4 8.4 12.0 8.2
Fish and fish products 2.4 2.4 0.0 1.2 2.4 1.7
Sugar and sugar products (in terms of sugar) 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.0 16.8 13.0

Source: NSO.

Table 4. Mongolia: Composition of per capita daily caloric intake by main food groups (%)

National Urban Rural UB Analytical domains
Meat and meat products 20 17 23 15 18 22 24
Milk and dairy products 11 7 16 7 7 11 18
Flour and flour products 55 59 52 58 59 55 50
Vegetables 3 4 2 5 4 2 1
Fruits 1 1 0 1 1 0 0
Candy, sugar 6 6 5 6 6 5 5
Tea, coffee, beverages 1 1 0 1 1 0 0
Spices 4 6 2 7 5 3 1
Total 101 101 100 100 101 98 99

Source: 2002/03 HIES/LSMS.

You can definitely see that their intake of vegetables and fruits is really low compared to their intake of meat, milk and flour. Here is another excerpt of their diet culture and a little about their inactivity.

The Mongolian ‘traditional’ diet as practised by the rural population is characterised by a high intake of dairy products, especially milk and natural yogurt, fats and oils, sugar confectionery and horsemeat (Otgontuya, 2009). On the other hand, the more urbanised population takes a ‘transitional diet’ that is high in meat, both ruminant and monogastric, and potato. In addition, the majority of the adults in both urban and rural areas were found to be not physically active (Otgontuya, 2009).

The results here concur with the country’s recent survey which reported that 31.6% of Mongolians aged 15-64 years were overweight with 41.6% experiencing central obesity (MOH, 2006). As cardiovascular disease has been the number one cause of death in the Mongolian population since 1995 (DMS, 2005), these findings indicate the serious need for urgent public health efforts to address the obesity problem among Mongolian adults. Middle-aged adults, especially women, from rural and urban areas, should be targeted in such intervention programmes.

Socially, men and women together are less active after 30, it is also seen as a good thing to be overweight as it is a sign of wealth. Also, with newly introduced western cultures it is in the trend to be going to such spots and eating from there. Most students I met always carried a 1.5L Coke with them as a sign of being in trend. Also before leaving Mongolia they had established KFC for the first time in Mongolia and it was one of the hottest place to go to. These western food consumption are seen as a sign of wealth and is looked upon as worthy to eat and is not helping the already high intake of meat in the country.I believe that the physically inactive part has to do with the weather conditions during the winter, as the Mongolian students love sports and going outdoors during spring and summer.

Economically, it’s the same problems all over, there is the introduction of western food culture (e.g. KFC) with the economic growth of the country. One of the largest economic activities they have is livestock production. Abundance of livestock animals also add to the increase of meat and dairy consumption of the country.


Main livestock output (‘000 tonnes)
Total meat (slaughter, weight) 234 249 289 311 226 204 153 199 193
Beef 71 66 105 113 67 61 44 52 49
Muttons and goats 116 132 129 120 105 95 81 98 95
Milk 226 316 467 376 290 277 292 329 335
Eggs (million units) 21 38 10 7 8 4 7 16 21
Imports (tonnes)
Milk Powder 1 038 365 346 1 385 835 n.a n.a. n.a.
Major meat exports
Meat (‘000 tonnes) 24 15 17 20 23 15 8 8
Intestines (‘000 rolls) 2 164 1 025 870 368 316 223 278 295
Edible meat offal (tonnes) 3 151 812 3 430 1 629 887 6 404

Source: NSO.

Although Mongolia produces vegetables and potatoes they are small compared to meat.

1989 1990 1995 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
Production 155.5 131.1 52 63.8 58.9 58 51.9 78.7 80.2 82.8
Imports 2.9 9 22 36 40 38 41
Production 59.5 41.7 27.3 39 44 44.5 39.7 59.6 49.2 64.1
Imports 2.7 2.1 2.6 3.9 8.6 12.3 14.8 21.0 17.6
Fresh fruits
Imports 3.4 3.5 2.6 8.4 12.7 18.7 23.3 22.9 22.5

Source: NSO.

On a side note, Mongolia is also on the list for undernourished people and depth of hunger. Mongolia has a 310kcal depth of hunger compared to an average of 130kcal for developed countries. There has been no change in percentage of population undernourished from 1990 to 2004 which is around 30% of their population. Adding this to the high production and intake of meat, it seems there is no direct change being direct towards the population as they are becoming obese with undernourishment.

One of the biggest recommendations for the country would be higher vegetable consumption within the country: By educating more families on vegetables and offering those more by having more markets are focused on salads. Just like what Jamie Oliver is doing in America.

Extra: food consumption over a week of a Mongolian family.

Mongolia: The Batsuuri family in their apartment with a week’s worth of food in Ulaanbaatar, the capital city of Mongolia. The family spend $40.02 a week on groceries. They cook with shared electric and coal stoves, and have a shared refrigerator-freezer. Family recipe: Mutton dumplings.

PAZ #000002 – Regex, Replace and Shakespeare Part2

Following the last post, finally a workable version of Shakespearing. Following most of the advice from was able to change men/man to sirrah; women/woman to mistress; a few common curse words to jackanapes and canker-blossoms; and etc.


// Scramble what the user enters into a text field

// The scrambled text
var reversed = "";
var input;

function setup() {

  // A text area
  input = createElement("textarea","\"Nearly all men can stand adversity, but if you want to test a man's character, give him power.\" - Abraham Lincoln");
  // A button
  var button = createButton("Shakespeare it!");'position','absolute');'left','416px');'top','140px');
  // An HTML Element for the resulting text
  reversed = createP("");'font-size','60px');'font-style','bold');'color','#2e2e2e');'font-family','Roboto Slab');'position','absolute');'top','140px');'left','90px');'background','0');

function doublewords() {
  // What has the user entered?
  var text = input.value();

  var regex = [];
  regex[0] = /(your)|(you)/gi;
  regex[1] = /(y'all)/gi;
  regex[2] = /(women)|(woman)/gi;
  regex[3] = /(men)|(man)/gi;
  regex[4] = /(friend)/gi; 
  regex[5] = /(fuck)|(bitch)/gi
  regex[6] = /(^i|I$)/gi
  var out = [];
  out[0] = 'thou';
  out[1] = 'ye';
  out[2] = 'mistress';
  out[3] = 'sirrah';
  out[4] = 'cousin';
  out[5] = either('jackanapes','canker-blossoms');
  out[6] = either(' I ',' methinks ');
  //use of dictionary a better method?  
  // Update the HTML Element
   var output = text;
   for(var i=0; i < regex.length; i++){	
     	output = output.replace(regex[i],out[i]);	

function either(a,b){
  	var p = Math.random()
   		  return a
   	else return b

github & shakespeare it